The Huffington Post
5 months
What is a disc herniation? The intervertebral disc is an elastic soft cushion that is between the vertebrae of the spine (Figure 9). It connects the vertebrae together, gives stability to the spine, and allows the spine to move. The intervertebral disc has two parts; the annulus fibrosus (tough fibrous outer layer) and the nucleus pulposus (soft gel-like inner layer) (Figure 10). If the soft gel-like inner material leaks out or herniates through a tear in the fibrous outer layer, it becomes a disc herniation. A tear of the disc may allow the gel-like material in the center of the disc to protrude and leak out, causing a herniation of the disc, which presses into the nerve root as it exits the spine. This irritates the close by nerve root, causing sciatica. Sciatica is one of the most common symptoms of lumbar disc herniation. Treatment Treatment will initially include anti-inflammatory medication, muscle relaxation and physical therapy.